More than 240 Islamophobic incidents have been documented over 15 months in Australia with a large number occurring in public places, according to a study to be released at NSW Parliament.
The study of online and offline incidents released by the Islamophobia Register Australia between September 2014 and December 2015 also found people intervened in incidents perpetrated in public places at very low rates.
"It's very worrying; it is a signal that Islamophobia is kind of normalised," Charles Sturt's Centre for Islamic Studies and Civilisations director Dr Mehmet Ozalp told AAP.
Given some of the cases recorded were very violent or abusive, many bystanders would hesitate to intervene fearing they would also be abused, he said.
But the data also suggested women were being targeted for abuse because they were both highly visible when wearing head scarfs and less likely to retaliate.
There where 28 incidents of physical violence recorded, the second most common incident next to verbal abuse or threats which includes all online incidents.
The report was the first of its kind but would hopefully make way for annual report and further analysis of the incidents, Dr Ozalp said.
© AAP 2017